Vitamin B2, or riboflavin, is a water-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in many processes within your body.
It is found in a wide variety of foods, including dairy products, eggs, green vegetables and fortified grains and cereals.
Riboflavin helps the body to break down carbohydrates, fats and proteins and to convert them into energy.
It also helps with red blood cell production and the formation of antibodies.
In addition, It helps to protect the eyes from damage caused by ultraviolet light.
A deficiency in this vitamin can cause a variety of symptoms, including fatigue, anemia, skin problems and eye disorders.
Eating a balanced diet with a variety of foods is the best way to ensure that you are getting enough Vitamin B2.
Food Sources of Vitamin B2
It is found in a wide variety of foods, so it is usually easy to get enough of it in your diet.
Here is a list of food sources of Vitamin B2:
Health Benefits of Vitamin B2
Riboflavin plays a key role in the body’s energy metabolism and the production of red blood cells.
Here are some of the health benefits of Vitamin B2:
For those who don’t get enough Vitamin B2 in their diet, supplements are available.
Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) is 1.1 milligrams per day for adults aged 19 and older.
This amount increases to 1.3 milligrams for pregnant women and 1.4 milligrams for breastfeeding women.
Symptoms of Vitamin B2 Deficiency
A deficiency in vitamin B2 can lead to a number of symptoms, including:
A deficiency in vitamin B2 can be easily treated with a multivitamin or a supplement that is specifically formulated with riboflavin.
Some of the most common causes of vitamin B2 deficiency include:
Diagnosis is mostly clinical.
The primary symptom of vitamin B2 deficiency is fatigue and weakness, although other symptoms such as sore throat, cracked lips and redness of the eyes can also be present.
In order to diagnose vitamin B2 deficiency, a doctor will typically order a blood test to measure the amount of riboflavin in the bloodstream.
If the level is low, treatment may include taking vitamin B2 supplements or making dietary changes to increase intake of the vitamin.
Also, a random urine test can be ordered by your doctor to measure urinary excretion of riboflavin.
In addition, a doctor may recommend lifestyle changes such as exercising more and getting more sleep in order to improve overall health and reduce fatigue.
If you suspect that you might have a vitamin B2 deficiency, talk your your doctor. They will likely recommend taking supplements containing vitamin B2.
You should also make sure that you eat foods rich in vitamin B2. These include whole grains, beans, nuts, seeds and fish.
Sometimes riboflavin may be administered intravenously, depending on your medical condition.
Genetics and Riboflavin Deficiency
A gene called MTHFR is responsible for encoding an enzyme that helps the body process and absorb vitamin B2.
People with certain genetic mutations of this gene may have difficulty converting food sources of B2 into an active form that the body can use. This can lead to a deficiency of vitamin B2 even if the person is eating foods that contain the vitamin.
Other genetic mutations of the MTHFR gene can also lead to decreased levels of vitamin B2 in the bloodstream, even if the person is taking B2 supplements.
It’s important to talk to your doctor if you think genetics may be a factor in your B2 deficiency. They can help you determine if a genetic test is warranted and suggest ways to manage your deficiency.
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